Jewish group of branches: E1b-Maghreb

Introduction

The Jewish branches can be grouped according to their Y-DNA characteristics. These characteristics are often related to a period between 10000ybp-4000ybp. Some branches had a founding father effect in that period outside the Middle East which gives information on the location of their ancestor at the time of the founding father. For other branches it is more likely that the ancestors were in the Middle East, where, in most cases, no founding father effect took place and population growth was continuous. An overview of the Jewish groups of branches is present.

Characteristics

The percentages of M81=M183 are high in north-western Africa. In a Morocco study it reached frequencies of 65-98% among the Berber communities. High percentages are in the bordering countries of Algeria, Tunesia en Spain. A shared ancestor lived about 3000 ybp.

E-PF2431 has a similar distribution, but much more ancestors on the south side of the Sahara.

At some moment i thought that it was likely that the ancestor of these branches became Jewish in Iberia. The present statistics do not follow this scenario. In that case we would expect much more Jewish people with R1b-DF27, which has a factor of more than ten larger percentage in Iberia, but the number of DF27-branches is not a factor of ten larger.

On yfull one can see the branches of E-M81, E-V65, E-PF2431,

In a paper on "The male lines of the Maghreb: Phoenicians, Carthage, Muslim conquest and Berbers" (2019) it is argued that the origin on the M81 and V65 lines is not in the Maghreb, but in Phoenicia/Levant. In 2019-2021 more samples are added. The argument that V65 has a Levant origin is strenghtened, while for M81 both scenarios still seem open.

The arguments that DNA exchange took place between Maghreb and Levant in the Phoenician period are still valid. Whether the ancestral lines originate in Levant or Maghreb before the exchange is not yet clear. It is clear that the percentage population growth in the Phoenician/Punic period was very strong in the Maghreb, and the present percentages of these lines are higher in the Maghreb than in the Levant. In this page we named the E-PF2431 and E-M81 branches Maghreb. It is expected that it will become clear, if more lines will have done a NGS test.

Branches in this group

Branch # Y-DNA SNP# of
persons
CE of ancestor
(95%)
CE range
yfull.com
(95%)
GroupAS M G I R J B C
AB-014 E1b-M81-A56047908-1479550-1575 E1b-MaghrebA
AB-128 E1b-M81-A 1 E1b-MaghrebS
AB-144 E1b-M81?-M1 E1b-MaghrebA
AB-188 E1b-M81?-G1 E1b-MaghrebA
AB-189 E1b-M81-MZ1431below E1b-MaghrebA
AB-245 E1b-M81?-CTS122271below E1b-MaghrebS
AB-246 E1b-M81?-H1 E1b-MaghrebS
AB-247 E1b-M81?-C1 E1b-MaghrebS
AB-442 E1b-PF2431-PF24401 E1b-MaghrebS
AB-492 E1b-M81?-W1 E1b-MaghrebA
AB-528 E1b-M81-MZ2441below E1b-MaghrebS
AB-545 E1b-M81-K1 E1b-MaghrebS
AB-688 E1b-PF2431-PF2440?-K1 E1b-MaghrebS
AB-701 E1b-M81?-A1 E1b-MaghrebS
AB-707 E1b-M81-A1 E1b-MaghrebS


table caption

STR and SNP characteristics

group Name Ancestor Country SNP D
Y
S
3
9
3
D
Y
S
3
9
0
D
Y
S
1
9
D
Y
S
3
9
1
D
Y
S
3
8
5
D
Y
S
4
2
6
D
Y
S
3
8
8
D
Y
S
4
3
9
D
Y
S
3
8
9
i
D
Y
S
3
9
2
D
Y
S
3
8
9
i
i
D
Y
S
4
5
8
D
Y
S
4
5
9
D
Y
S
4
5
5
D
Y
S
4
5
4
D
Y
S
4
4
7
D
Y
S
4
3
7
D
Y
S
4
4
8
D
Y
S
4
4
9
D
Y
S
4
6
4
D
Y
S
4
6
0
Y
-
G
A
T
A
-
H
4
Y
C
A
I
I
D
Y
S
4
5
6
D
Y
S
6
0
7
D
Y
S
5
7
6
D
Y
S
5
7
0
C
D
Y
D
Y
S
4
4
2
D
Y
S
4
3
8
D
Y
S
5
3
1
D
Y
S
5
7
8
D
Y
F
3
9
5
S
1
D
Y
S
5
9
0
D
Y
S
5
3
7
D
Y
S
6
4
1
D
Y
S
4
7
2
D
Y
F
4
0
6
S
1
D
Y
S
5
1
1
D
Y
S
4
2
5
D
Y
S
4
1
3
D
Y
S
5
5
7
D
Y
S
5
9
4
D
Y
S
4
3
6
D
Y
S
4
9
0
D
Y
S
5
3
4
D
Y
S
4
5
0
D
Y
S
4
4
4
D
Y
S
4
8
1
D
Y
S
5
2
0
D
Y
S
4
4
6
D
Y
S
6
1
7
D
Y
S
5
6
8
D
Y
S
4
8
7
D
Y
S
5
7
2
D
Y
S
6
4
0
D
Y
S
4
9
2
D
Y
S
5
6
5
D
Y
S
7
1
0
D
Y
S
4
8
5
D
Y
S
6
3
2
D
Y
S
4
9
5
D
Y
S
5
4
0
D
Y
S
7
1
4
D
Y
S
7
1
6
D
Y
S
7
1
7
D
Y
S
5
0
5
D
Y
S
5
5
6
D
Y
S
5
4
9
D
Y
S
5
8
9
D
Y
S
5
2
2
D
Y
S
4
9
4
D
Y
S
5
3
3
D
Y
S
6
3
6
D
Y
S
5
7
5
D
Y
S
6
3
8
D
Y
S
4
6
2
D
Y
S
4
5
2
D
Y
S
4
4
5
Y
-
G
A
T
A
-
A
1
0
D
Y
S
4
6
3
D
Y
S
4
4
1
Y
-
G
G
A
A
T
-
1
B
0
7
D
Y
S
5
2
5
D
Y
S
7
1
2
D
Y
S
5
9
3
D
Y
S
6
5
0
D
Y
S
5
3
2
D
Y
S
7
1
5
D
Y
S
5
0
4
D
Y
S
5
1
3
D
Y
S
5
6
1
D
Y
S
5
5
2
D
Y
S
7
2
6
D
Y
S
6
3
5
D
Y
S
5
8
7
D
Y
S
6
4
3
D
Y
S
4
9
7
D
Y
S
5
1
0
D
Y
S
4
3
4
D
Y
S
4
6
1
D
Y
S
4
3
5
AB-014E1b-M81-A5604132413913-13111210141130189-911122314203114-16-17-17111119-221513192337-39121010815-158101081012021-221911121217712291812131214111111113215812112228201212111111911111011122912121814131122161813241311152515212312141791311
AB-128E1b-M81-A 132414913-14111210141131189-911132314203114-14-16-16111119-221713182140-40121010815-158101081111021-21181112121771326181213121411111111
AB-144E1b-M81?-M1325131016-18111213141131189-911122314203114-16-16-17111119-221513202337-38121010815-158101081012021-22201112121671229181113121411111111
AB-188E1b-M81?-G132413913-13111210141130189-911122314203214-16-16-17131120-221713182431-391110
AB-189E1b-M81-MZ143132413913-16111210141130189-911122314203214-16-16-17111019-221612182431-40121010815-158101081012021-221811121217712271812131214111111113215812112228191212111112912111011122912131814131120161614241511162615212312141791311
AB-245E1b-M81?-CTS12227132413913-14111210141130189-911122414203214-15-16-17111119-221613182236-36121010815-158111081011021-22171112122071328181313121411111111
AB-246E1b-M81?-H132413913-14111211141130189-911122414203214-16-16-17111122-221613172335-381110
AB-247E1b-M81?-C132413913-15111211141130189-911122314203114-14-16-16101119-221613192237-371210
AB-442E1b-PF2431-PF2440132215913-15111211131130169-9-911112414213414-14-15-16-16-17111019-221313182233-34-361110
AB-492E1b-M81?-W132413913-1511129141130199-911122314203314-16-16-17111219-221613182531-381310
AB-528E1b-M81-MZ244132414913-14111210141131209-911132414203213-14-16-17111119-221613172235-38121010815-158101081011021-221711121217712251812131214121111113215812112226191112111112911111011123012121814131121161914241511162515212312141791311
AB-545E1b-M81-K132413913-15111210141130199-911122314203214-16-16-19111119-221513182237-381210
AB-688E1b-PF2431-PF2440?-K132215914-15111211131130159-911112414213414-14-16-16111019-221413182133-341110
AB-701E1b-M81?-A132413913-14111210141130189-911122214213214-16-16-17111119-221613192136-381310
AB-707E1b-M81-A132413913-14111310141130189-911122314203314-16-16-17111019-221613182236-381210

List of SNPs in yfull tree:Home - A0-T - A1 - A1b - BT - CT - DE - E - M5479 - P147 - P177 - M215 - M35 - Z827 - L19 - M81