Jewish group of branches: E1b-M81


The Jewish branches can be grouped according to their Y-DNA characteristics. These characteristics are often related to a period between 10000ybp-4000ybp. Some branches had a founding father effect in that period outside the Middle East which gives information on the location of their ancestor at the time of the founding father. For other branches it is more likely that the ancestors were in the Middle East, where, in most cases, no founding father effect took place and population growth was continuous. An overview of the Jewish groups of branches is present.


The percentages of M81=M183 are high in north-western Africa. In a Morocco study it reached frequencies of 65-98% among the Berber communities. High percentages are in the bordering countries of Algeria, Tunesia en Spain. A shared ancestor lived about 3000 ybp.

E-V65 follows a similar pattern. E-PF2431 has a similar distribution, but much more ancestors on the south side of the Sahara.

It seemed most likely that the ancestor of these branches became Jewish in Iberia. The present statistics do not follow this scenario. In that case we would expect much more Jewish people with R1b-DF27, which has a factor of more than ten larger percentage in Iberia, but the number of DF27-branches is not a factor of ten larger.

On yfull one can see the branches of E-M81, E-V65, E-PF2431,

In a paper on "The male lines of the Maghreb: Phoenicians, Carthage, Muslim conquest and Berbers" it is argued that the origin on the M81 and V65 lines is not in the Maghreb, but in Phoenicia/Levant. This pattern better fits the relative high number of branches of M81 and V65 among Jewish Y-DNA lines.

Branches in this group

Branch # Y-DNA SNP# of
CE of ancestor
CE range
GroupAS M G I R J B C
AB-786 E1b-M81?-R1AB-189? E1b-M81A

table caption

List of SNPs in -